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From Unclear to Nuclear - HOME -
a Lattice / Modified Cluster Model of the Atomic Nucleus

Jerry Montgomery Ph.D.
Rondo Jeffery Ph.D.

Please excuse us while we build this site.
      This model has been constructed through element 114.
            If you choose to return you can watch the nucleus unfold.
                  Thank you for your patience because

Jerry Montgomery Ph.D.
        and Rondo Jeffery Ph.D.

What is so different about this model?

First: The quarks in the protons and neutrons play an active part in developing the structure of the nucleus.

Second: In addition to the strong force, the electric charges and magnetic dipoles of the quarks also participate in controllings nuclear structure.

You are about to embark on an exciting and very informative trip through the nucleus of the elements as they proceed along the “Valley of Stability”.


Triangle shaped proton

The journey begins when you first realize that three of anything, no matter how you put them together, forms a triangular shaped object.


Triangle shaped neutron

Thus, protons and neutron are triangular ovoids not spheres.


Carbon 12 - Hexagonal Model

Triangular ovoids come together to form a hexagonal lattice. Included is a model of the nucleus of carbon 12 built with ZOME constructs and based on the quarks that make up the nucleons. Black nodes represent "up" quarks and white nodes represent "down" quarks. Blue struts connect 3 quarks to represent triangular protons and white struts connect 3 quarks to represent triangular neutrons.


Site outline

  • 1. The next few sections explain the implications of the triangular shape of protons and neutrons on the shape of the alpha particle which will ultimately control the structure of the nucleus.
  • 2. ‘Model Introduction’ and ‘History’ will provide a brief overview of the various phases of the nuclear structure predicted by this model.
  • 3. ‘Current Models’ and ‘Anomalies’ provides a laconic review of current thinking and problems current models cannot address.
  • 4. ‘Modified Lattice Model’ is a series of short treatises on various aspects which relate to this model.
  • 5. ‘Stable Nuclide Chart’ shows the Valley of Stable Nuclei.
  • 6. ‘Nuclei’ provide a step by step progression of the stable nuclei along the path of stability. Currently we are slowly building the photo gallery of nuclear models of all these nuclei.
  • 7. ‘Miscellaneous’ and the rest are tidbits and a summary of things the reader may find interesting.


     Last update was on → 6 Sept 2010


Currently this website contains about 60% of our data.
Between 2/1/2008 and 2/1/2009 there were over 12,000 hits on this site.
now at the start of Feb 2010 there have been over 26,000 hits on this site.

When data is in a presentable form it is added to this site.

Additionally we are developing more data and information all the time.


And finally
         The beauty of this model is,

  • Simplicity and ease of use.
  • This model answers all those anomalies about the nucleus usually just passed over by other models rather than being answered.
  • Everything you try fits, and this model explains the nucleus without a kluge.

Wow, and I do mean WOOOW!

           the neutron proton ratio,
           technetium promethium instability,
           neutron stability gaps like 19,
           21, 35, etc. neutrons,
           Asymmetrical fissions,
           and the lack of a super-heavy element island
all materialize as a natural phenomenon inherent in this model!

Other mystifying paradoxical aspects of the nucleus are answered via self-generating facets of this model.


The data and information depicted in and on this web site are covered by © “copyright”.

The data and/or information presented in this web site may be used in part or whole if the user gives credit to the authors and references this web site.