The Loops I

technetium to Xenon

Fill in the gaps between the spikes of the star with alphas and the The Loops are formed. The loops are six carbon rings inter-fingered with each other and the carbon rings of the core. The first loop is completed with krypton84. The second loop is completed with molybdenum98. The third loop is completed with cadmium112. The fourth or last loop of this stage is completed with xenon132. Again, the ends of every column still provide locations for every extra neutron in the nucleus. At the end of this stage even the columns forming the core is capped by neutron. The Loops stage is completed with formation of the nucleus of xenon132.

ZOME model of the nucleus at the end of the Loops I phase

Following the nuclear growth tables the reader can build the above model. Remember the rules:

  1. Follow the growth table.
  2. Always add neutrons before protons.
  3. Ultimately, nucleons are added in pairs, two neutron, one after the other or two protons, one after the other.
  4. Always add the second nucleon of the pair on the opposite end of the nucleus positioned along in a center radial line in a way that maintains balance.
  5. Alway match the quark's electrical charges so they attract their nearest quark neighbor that are in other nucleons.

For those of you who used Robert Leighton's book when you took Modern Physics, remember the quotes "it is intuitively obvious" or "it is left for the student to prove" We want to leave something for those new and budding PhD's and their dissertations.

We have explained sufficient that it is now left for the reader to work through the individual steps of growth during this phase. It will increase appreciation for the efficiency and elegance of the nucleus and its structure. It becomes ever more intuitively obvious.